Unlike spouse and children, parents or grandparents are not allowed to include in the general application along with the primary applicant. They can be sponsored to immigrate to Canada only when the primary applicant has successfully settled there as well become financially stable to support expenses of his/her family members there.
However, there are some cases when an individual is unable to sponsor parents and grandparents to Canada
Parent and Grandparent Sponsorship for Permanent Residence
Canada boasts one of the most extensive family reunification immigration programs, for countries such as the United States and the United Kingdom have very restrictive criteria regarding the sponsorship of parents and grandparents, some even disallowing the sponsorship of grandparents altogether.
Canadian citizens and permanent residents who are at least 18 years old may be eligible to sponsor their parents or grandparents and their spouses, common-law partners, and dependent children (less than 18 years of age). They must be able to provide financial support for at least 20 years once their parent or grandparent has become a permanent resident. Under certain circumstances, individuals may be excluded from eligibility as sponsors.
Sponsored individuals under the Parent and Grandparent program must complete an immigration medical examination, the results of which must be submitted at the time of application.
Sponsors must demonstrate that their total income meets a threshold called the Minimum Necessary Income (MNI) required to support themselves, their own immediate family members in Canada, as well as the needs of the parents or grandparents being sponsored. An agreement proving the sponsor’s MNI must be submitted along with the sponsorship application for permanent residence in order to confirm that sponsors have the financial means to support and properly take care of incoming family members.
The MNI is currently determined by Statistics Canada’s low-income cut-off (LICO), which is the income threshold below which a household is expected to allocate greater expenditure towards basic necessities relative to an average household.
Minimum Necessary IncomeSponsoring Your Parents to Canada- Federal Program
All those eligible to sponsor their parents to immigrate to Canada are required to show that they meet the minimum necessary income (MNI) necessary to support the size of their family.
You are not required to demonstrate this if you are only sponsoring your spouse or dependent children. Your spouse or partner may be able to act as a co-signer for this amount if your combined income meets the MNI and they meet the sponsorship requirements in order to be considered valid sponsors.